Your has recommended that you undergo a cystoscopy. but what does that actually mean? The lower urinary tract allows your body to store and release urine. It’s made up of two parts, the bladder and the urethra. Your bladder is a hollow organ that expands as it fills with urine. Because it is made of muscular tissue, it can also contract and force urine to pass out of the body, through.
The urethra. your urethra carries urine from the bladder all the way through the opening in the penis. Your feels that it is necessary to examine the interior of the urethra and bladder, to try to determine the cause of a problem that you may be having. Symptoms that may call for a routine Cystoscopy include: * Persistent infection of the urinary tract * Bladder stones.
* bleeding while urinating * irritation due to polyps, or * Changes to the bladder caused by cancer. Cystoscopy is a simple procedure during which your will insert a welllubricated, instrument called a cystoscope through your urethra and into your bladder. The cystoscope allows your to visually inspect the interior of your bladder. It also allows your to remove small pieces of tissue for later examination and even to.
Crush small bladder stones, should any be present. Any tissue that your removes from your bladder will be sent immediately to a laboratory for analysis. Your will ask the laboratory to check for any sign of cancer or other abnormality. So make sure that you ask your to carefully explain the reasons behind this recommendation. The nurse will swab the penis with an antiseptic solution. Your will then lift your penis upward.
A welllubricated cystoscope is gently inserted into the urethra, the opening at the head of the penis, and slowly guided inward. When the cystoscope reaches the back of the penis, your will pull the penis downward in order to create a straight path into the bladder. Once the cystoscope is inside the bladder, your will inject a small amount of water through the cystoscope and into the bladder.
The water serves to expand the bladder, helping your to better examine the interior. It also helps by washing away any blood or remaining urine. You may feel a sense of fullness as though you need to urinate. You’ll be encouraged to relax and not to try to retain the water in your bladder. As the team completes it’s inspection, they’ll be looking for suspicious tissues. If they find bladder stones, your may try to crush these so that they can pass out of the.
Bladder during normal urination. If the team finds a suspicious growth they will use a special grasping tool to take a sample of tissue in order to send to a laboratory for analysis. When the inspection is complete, your will remove the cystoscope and you’ll be asked to empty your bladder. Your will probably ask you to wear a temporary Foley catheter.
A foley catheter is a narrow tube inserted through your urethra and into your bladder. The catheter is connected to a bag that is attached to your leg by a strap. While the Foley catheter is in place, urine will pass from your bladder into the bag. You will not need to urinate into a toilet. The nurse will show you how to change the bag when it is full. An appointment will be made for you to return to the ‘s office in a couple of days to have the catheter removed.
Choosing the Best Breast Screening 2D vs 3D MammogramTomosynthesis
Judy buss has been on high alert since her first bout with breast cancer. They called me on Tuesday and said they found something suspicious. the test that found the worrisome spot was TOMOSYNTHESIS also called a 3D mammogram. And theres the mass right here in the middle of her breast. Paula George spotted it immediately. That’s the beauty of tomosynthesis. Information that’s missing in a traditional mammogram is right there, hard to miss in 3D.
the difference is when we do a standard 2d mammogram on a woman, we do two pictures of each breast. We take one picture from the top and one picture from the side so theres four pictures. When we do tomosynthesis or 3D its the same machine, the same type of exposure, but instead of taking one image, we divide those images into one millimeter thick, so we might have 40 images in each view instead of one and you get a much deeper look at the breast. You can see it millimeter by millimeter, so you can pick.
Up small cancers better. If you’ve ever had a 2D mammogram, this exam is going to seem identical, though it will last a few seconds longer. And it’s not always covered by insurance. So, why choose tomosynthesis? Making it the best possible test, whether or not you have dense breasts I would tell women what they may want to do before they come for their.
Appointment is check with their insurance company and see, first, is 3d covered. it is covered for a lot of Medicare plans and more and more insurance companies are adding 3D coverage. If it is not covered, there is a small copay that women can pay to get the 3D mammogram and I would say it definitely is beneficial, especially with women with dense breast tissue and women with a family history of breast cancer. I think the insurance covered everything and even if it had not,.
I would certainly think it was worth the investment, for my health, to do that. For Judy, her mass likely would’ve been missed with a 2D mammogram. Instead she’s armed with answers, and is ready to battle breast cancer a second time. Yes, in this case we would not have seen her cancer had she only had a 2D mammo done. So that, I would say probably did save her life by having the 3D mammogram this year.